Helpful advice on breastfeeding your baby
Breast milk is the perfect food for your baby. It's available on demand, at the right temperature, and has many health benefits for you and your baby.
This information is full of useful advice on how to breastfeed your baby.
- During pregnancy attend a local breastfeeding information class.
- Eat a healthy diet, and eat frequently - you need more calories during breastfeeding than pregnancy.
- Check your bra fits correctly and buy the correct maternity bras.
- Ask your midwife to help you position your baby correctly on the breast when you first start to feed. You should sit comfortably, with baby's tummy facing your tummy. You may need to use a pillow to support you and your baby.
- Correct latching is vital - it lets your baby get the milk more easily and allows him to feed well.
- He should have all of the nipple and most of the areola in his mouth so that his gums are well behind the base of your nipple.
- His nose and chin should should be gently pressed against your breast, and his sucking shouldn't hurt.
- Your baby should start with some fairly quick shallow sucks and then once your milk starts flowing his sucks should become slower, deeper and more rhythmic.
- Most mothers find that they need to use both breasts. Keep your baby on the first breast for as long as he is sucking properly. When his sucking slows or he starts falling asleep it may be time to take him off and wind him, If he seems fully fed you can put him down to sleep. If he's still hungry, he can feed on the second breast until full.
- How long your baby feeds can vary from as little as 10 minutes to as much as an hour or more - this will depend on how fast your milk flows and how strongly your baby sucks.
- Your baby is feeding well and getting enough milk if he settles well after feeds; he has atleast 6 wet nappies a day; he gains the right amount of weight.
- Your baby is not feeding well if he falls asleep at the breast but then wakes and cries when you try to settle him; his nappies are dry or his urine is concentrated and smelly; his weight gain is poor. If so, check your breastfeeding position with your midwife or health visitor and ask for further advice.
- Never be afraid to seek help if you are struggling.